All Relations between mesencephalon and myelencephalon

Reference Sentence Publish Date Extraction Date Species
Ikuko Yamada, Tsuneo Iwasak. [Anxiety-like behavior in rats neonatally and adultly treated with 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine]. Nihon shinkei seishin yakurigaku zasshi = Japanese journal of psychopharmacology vol 22 issue 5 2003 12451684 significant negative correlation coefficients were obtained between the score of serotonin syndrome and 5-ht content in the hypothalamus, midbrain, medulla oblongata, and cerebellum of the neonatal 5,7-dht-treated rats. 2003-02-20 2022-01-11 Not clear
S Kuma. Aluminium-induced changes in the rat brain serotonin system. Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association vol 40 issue 12 2002 12419702 male wistar albino rats were exposed orally to al chloride (alcl(3).6h(2)o; 320 mg/kg body weight) daily for up to 60 days and changes in the 5-hydroxytrytamine (5-ht) and its metabolite 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-hiaa) levels were observed after 4, 14 and 60 days of exposure in olfactory lobe (olb), cerebellum (cbl), pons (pon), medulla oblongata (mob), spinal cord (spi), hypothalamus (hyp), hippocampus (hip), striatum (str), midbrain (mbr) and cortex (cor) brain regions. 2002-12-24 2022-01-11 Not clear
Y Ozawa, N Okad. Alteration of serotonergic receptors in the brain stems of human patients with respiratory disorders. Neuropediatrics vol 33 issue 3 2002 12200744 there were significant decreases in 5-ht1 a and 5-ht2 a receptor immunoreactivity in the dorsal nucleus of the vagus, solitary nucleus and ventrolateral medulla in the medulla oblongata, and significant increases in the periaqueductal gray matter (pag) of the midbrain in sids victims, but there were no significant differences between those in cchs patients and controls. 2002-10-16 2022-01-11 Not clear
A Narisawa, H Shamoto, H Shimizu, T Tominaga, T Yoshimot. [Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in acute brain stem infarction]. No to shinkei = Brain and nerve vol 53 issue 11 2001 11761910 twenty-eight patients with the final diagnosis of brain stem infarction(midbrain 2, pons 9, medulla oblongata 17) who had been examined by dwi within 24 hours of onset were retrospectively analyzed for how sensitively the initial dwi demonstrated the final ischemic lesion. 2001-12-28 2022-01-11 Not clear
M Bago, C Dea. Sympathoinhibition from ventrolateral periaqueductal gray mediated by 5-HT(1A) receptors in the RVLM. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology vol 280 issue 4 2001 11247817 the role of 5-hydroxytryptamine 1a (5-ht(1a)) receptors located in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (rvlm) in the mediation of a sympathoinhibitory and depressor response elicited from the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (vlpag) matter of the midbrain was examined in pentobarbital sodium-anesthetized rats. 2001-04-12 2022-01-11 Not clear
M Ek, C Arias, P Sawchenko, A Ericsson-Dahlstran. Distribution of the EP3 prostaglandin E(2) receptor subtype in the rat brain: relationship to sites of interleukin-1-induced cellular responsiveness. The Journal of comparative neurology vol 428 issue 1 2000 11058221 ep3r-expressing cells were also prominent in brainstem cell groups involved in nociceptive information processing/modulation (periaqueductal gray, locus coeruleus (lc), parabrachial nucleus (pb), caudal raph\xc3\xa9 nuclei), arousal and wakefulness (lc, midbrain raph\xc3\xa9 and tuberomammillary nuclei); and in conveying interoceptive input, including systemic il-1 signals, to the endocrine hypothalamus (nucleus of the solitary tract (nts) and rostral ventrolateral medulla [vlm]). 2000-12-22 2022-01-11 Not clear
H N Bhargava, S Kumar, J T Bia. Up-regulation of brain N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors following multiple intracerebroventricular injections of [D-Pen2, D-Pen5] enkephalin and [D-Ala2, Glu4]deltorphin II in mice. Peptides vol 18 issue 10 1998 9437723 the binding of [3h]mk-801 was determined in brain regions (cortex, midbrain, pons and medulla, hippocampus, striatum, hypothalamus and amygdala). 1998-02-18 2022-01-10 Not clear
Z Yang, M Z Wrona, G Dryhurs. 5-hydroxy-3-ethylamino-2-oxindole is not formed in rat brain following a neurotoxic dose of methamphetamine: evidence that methamphetamine does not induce the hydroxyl radical-mediated oxidation of serotonin. Journal of neurochemistry vol 68 issue 5 1997 9109519 one hour after administration of ma (100 mg/kg s.c.) to the rat, massive decrements of 5-ht were observed in all regions of the brain examined (cortex, hippocampus, medulla and pons, midbrain, and striatum). 1997-05-15 2022-01-10 Not clear
H N Bhargava, S Kuma. Modification of the binding of [3H]MK-801 to brain regions and spinal cord of rats treated chronically with U-50,488H, a kappa-opioid receptor agonist. Brain research vol 749 issue 2 1997 9138737 in tolerant rats, the binding of [3h]mk-801 was increased in pons and medulla and corpus striatum but decreased in midbrain and hippocampus and was due to changes in bmax values. 1997-05-06 2022-01-10 Not clear
H N Bhargava, S Kuma. Modification of the binding of [3H]MK-801 to brain regions and spinal cord of rats treated chronically with U-50,488H, a kappa-opioid receptor agonist. Brain research vol 749 issue 2 1997 9138737 in u-50,488h-abstinent rats, the binding of [3h]mk-801 was increased in pons and medulla and hippocampus, and decreased in midbrain and amygdala. 1997-05-06 2022-01-10 Not clear
D A Ramsay, M J Shkru. Homicidal blunt head trauma, diffuse axonal injury, alcoholic intoxication, and cardiorespiratory arrest: a case report of a forensic syndrome of acute brainstem dysfunction. The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology vol 16 issue 2 1995 7572861 postmortem examination revealed diffuse scalp bruising, no evidence of a skull fracture, multiple small hemispheric contusions, severe cerebral edema secondary to ischemic encephalopathy, and axonal swellings in the corpus callosum, subcortical white matter, midbrain, right rostral inferior cerebellar peduncle, and medulla. 1995-11-20 2022-01-10 Not clear
J Malyszko, T Urano, Y Takada, A Takad. Serotonergic systems in brain and blood under stress and tranylcypromine treatment in rats. Brain research bulletin vol 35 issue 1 1994 7525025 we found that animals given tranylcypromine and subjected to water-immersion restraint stress exhibited the greatest rise in 5-ht levels in midbrain, hippocampus, and hypothalamus, together with the lowest 5-hiaa:5-ht ratio relative to controls, whereas in cortex, cerebellum, medulla, and striatum the highest levels of 5-ht together with the lowest ratio of 5-hiaa:5-ht were observed after the administration of tranylcypromine alone. 1994-12-20 2022-01-10 Not clear
G C Hsieh, R P Sharma, R D Parker, R A Coulomb. Immunological and neurobiochemical alterations induced by repeated oral exposure of phenol in mice. European journal of pharmacology vol 228 issue 2-3 1992 1446716 phenol also decreased 5-hydroxytryptamine in the hypothalamus, medulla oblongata, midbrain and corpus striatum. 1992-12-24 2022-01-10 Not clear
T Hiros. [Effects of nutritional status on contents of tryptophan, serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid in rat brain]. Nihon eiseigaku zasshi. Japanese journal of hygiene vol 47 issue 2 1992 1380998 2) a low-carbohydrate high-protein diet increased the levels of trp, 5ht and 5hiaa in the striatum, and 5ht and 5hiaa in the cortex, but showed no effect on the contents of trp, 5ht and 5hiaa in the hippocampus, midbrain, pons and medulla and hypothalamus. 1992-09-25 2022-01-10 Not clear
T Hiros. [Effects of nutritional status on contents of tryptophan, serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid in rat brain]. Nihon eiseigaku zasshi. Japanese journal of hygiene vol 47 issue 2 1992 1380998 these results suggest that i) lowered fat and carbohydrate intakes enhance 5ht synthesis and metabolism in the cortex and that lowered carbohydrate intake enhances them in the striatum, ii) energy restriction enhances the 5ht metabolism in the cortex, pons and medulla and hypothalamus, and 5ht synthesis in the cortex and pons and medulla, iii) lowered protein intake inhibits 5ht metabolism in the cortex, midbrain, hippocampus and hypothalamus, and 5ht synthesis in the cortex, hippocampus and hypothalamus. 1992-09-25 2022-01-10 Not clear
M I Colado, M J Alfaro, F L\\xc3\\xb3pez, V Del Val, M I Mart\\xc3\\xad. The effect of dihydropyridine calcium channel agents on 5-HT metabolism in the CNS of the rat. The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology vol 43 issue 9 1992 1723099 bay k8644 at 2 mg kg-1 produced the same effects as nifedipine and nitrendipine; however, at low doses (0.2 mg kg-1), this compound increased 5-ht turnover only in midbrain and medulla oblongata. 1992-03-04 2022-01-10 Not clear
H Tanii, A Okayama, A Yamatodani, M Hayashi, K Hashimot. Alterations in the metabolism of serotonin and dopamine in the mouse brain following a single administration of allylnitrile, which induces long-term dyskinesia. Toxicology letters vol 58 issue 3 1991 1720266 one day after injection, aln produced a significant increase in the levels of 5-ht, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-hiaa) and homovanillic acid (hva): 5-ht in the brain cortex, medulla oblongata plus pons, hypothalamus and midbrain; 5-hiaa in the cortex, medulla oblongata plus pons, striatum, hypothalamus and midbrain; the ratio of 5-hiaa/5-ht in the medulla oblongata plus pons, striatum and midbrain; hva in the cortex and midbrain. 1991-12-30 2022-01-10 Not clear
G C Hsieh, R P Sharma, R D Parke. Subclinical effects of groundwater contaminants. IV. Effects of repeated oral exposure to combinations of benzene and toluene on regional brain monoamine metabolism in mice. Archives of toxicology vol 64 issue 8 1991 2090036 benzene produced increases of ne in the hypothalamus, cortex, midbrain and medulla oblongata, da in the hypothalamus and corpus striatum, and 5-ht in all dissected brain regions except cerebellum. 1991-05-28 2022-01-10 Not clear
K Kitahama, M Denoyer, B Raynaud, C Borri-Voltattorni, M Weber, M Jouve. Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase-immunohistochemistry in the cat lower brainstem and midbrain. The Journal of comparative neurology vol 302 issue 4 1991 2081822 by indirect immunohistochemistry, the present study examined the distribution of neuronal structures in the cat medulla oblongata, pons, and midbrain, showing immunoreactivity to aromatic l-amino acid decarboxylase (aadc), which catalyzes the conversion of l-3, 4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (l-dopa) to dopamine, and 5-hydroxytryptophan to serotonin (5ht). 1991-05-07 2022-01-10 Not clear
H Tanii, M Hayashi, K Hashimot. Alterations in the metabolism of serotonin and dopamine in the central nervous system of mice displaying a persistent dyskinesia due to crotononitrile or 2-pentenenitrile. Archives of toxicology vol 64 issue 3 1990 2372234 one day after injection, crn increased the level of the following substances and the ratio of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-hiaa)/5-ht: 5-ht in medulla oblongata plus pons (144% of control); 5-hiaa in cortex (162%), striatum (166%), medulla oblongata plus pons (212%), hypothalamus (146%) and mid-brain (167%); 5-hiaa/5-ht in medulla oblongata plus pons (148%) and midbrain (133%). 1990-08-23 2022-01-10 Not clear
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